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All You Need To Know About Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis
“Multiple Sclerosis, a fight we wage,
Nerves and myelin, a battleground stage.
But in the midst of pain and strife,
We find hope and fight for life.”
Are you tired of feeling like a passenger on a roller coaster ride with your body? Do you find yourself constantly battling against your own nerves? Multiple Sclerosis (MS) can be a challenging condition to navigate, both physically and emotionally. But fear not, for in this journey, you are not alone. Together, let’s embark on a quest to uncover the mysteries of MS and discover ways to live life to the fullest despite its challenges.

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) happens to be a chronic autoimmune disorder that impacts the central nervous system (CNS). The disease occurs when the immune system attacks the protective covering of nerve fibres, called myelin, leading to inflammation and damage to the nerves themselves. It’s a chronic disorder that occasionally results in severe disability, while it also occasionally manifests as a moderate ailment. In many situations, symptoms can be treated. For those who have MS, the average life expectancy is slightly shorter. It can occur at any age, but it is most frequently diagnosed in persons in their 20s, 30s, and 40s. Females are 2 to 3 times more likely than males to have it. One of the most prevalent diseases that disable younger adults is MS.

Symptoms Of Multiple Sclerosis

The symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) can be hugely variable from person to person, depending on the location and extremity of the nerve damage.
  • Fatigue
  • Limbs or face experiencing numbness or tingling
  • Muscle weakness or spasticity
  • Difficulty with coordination and balance
  • Vision issues, such as double or blurred vision and partial or complete loss of vision
  • Cognitive impairment, like issues with memory, attention, or problem-solving
  • Bowel or bladder dysfunction
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Mood changes, such as depression or anxiety
  • Speech problems or difficulty swallowing
  MS symptoms may come and go, or they may progressively worsen over time. It’s important to note that many of these symptoms are also believed to be caused by other conditions, so a proper diagnosis by a healthcare professional is necessary.

What Are The Different Kinds Of Multiple Sclerosis?

The main types of multiple sclerosis (MS) are four in number, which are classified based on the pattern and frequency of symptoms:
  • Relapsing-Remitting MS:

    It is the most common form of MS, accounting for about 85% of cases. People with RRMS experience periodic relapses or attacks, during which they may develop new symptoms or experience a worsening of existing ones. These attacks can be followed by time periods of partial or complete recovery, known as remissions.
  • Primary Progressive MS:

    In this form of MS, symptoms gradually worsen over time without periods of remission. PPMS accounts for about 10% of cases of MS.
  • Secondary Progressive MS:

    It begins as RRMS, but over time, the relapses and remissions diminish, and symptoms gradually worsen. SPMS affects about 50% of people with RRMS.
  • Progressive-Relapsing:

    Only 5% of MS patients have this form of the disease, making it the least prevalent. With sporadic relapses and brief remissions, the symptoms of PRMS steadily get worse over time.

What Causes Multiple Sclerosis?

This disease can be occurred if the immune system malfunctions and unintentionally targets a healthy body organ, in such a case, the brain or spinal cord of the nervous system. The myelin sheath, a layer that surrounds and shields the nerves, is attacked by the immune system in MS. As a result of the damage and scarring to the sheath and possibly the underlying nerves, messages moving along the nerves slow down or are disrupted. Although it is unknown exactly what triggers the immune system to behave in this manner, the majority of specialists believe that a combination of hereditary and environmental variables is at play.  

What Are The Different Kinds Of Multiple Sclerosis?

Even though there is no cure for multiple sclerosis (MS), there are several treatment options available that can aid in managing symptoms, slow the progression of the disease, and improve the overall quality of life. Treatment plans are individualized and may include a combination of the following:
  • Disease-modifying therapies:

    These medications work by modifying the immune system to reduce inflammation and slow the progression of the disease. Examples of disease-modifying therapies include interferon beta, glatiramer acetate, and natalizumab.
  • Symptom management:

    In this form of MS, symptoms gradually worsen over time without periods of remission. PPMS accounts for about 10% of cases of MS.
  • Secondary Progressive MS:

    There are several medications available to help manage specific MS symptoms, such as muscle spasms, bladder and bowel dysfunction, and fatigue.
  • Physical therapy:

    Physical therapy can help improve strength, flexibility, and balance and may reduce the risk of falls.
  • Occupational therapy:

    This can help people with MS learn strategies to manage daily activities and improve overall function.
  • Speech therapy:

    This can help people with MS improve their speech and swallowing difficulties.
  • Lifestyle changes:

    Making healthy lifestyle choices, including maintaining a healthy diet, being physically active, and resting enough, can help manage symptoms and improve overall health.
In conclusion, multiple sclerosis is a challenging and complex condition that impacts millions of people worldwide. While it can be a difficult journey, it’s significant to remember that there is always hope and support available. If you’re looking for reliable and reputed healthcare for MS, Parul Sevashram’s ‘apno jaisi seva’ is always there to provide you with the most seamless medical experience. Parul Sevashram Hospital’s neurology department is an exceptional facility staffed with experienced and highly skilled professionals who provide top-notch care to patients with neurological disorders. With state-of-the-art diagnostic and treatment technologies at their disposal, the neurology team at the hospital is well-equipped to manage a wide range of neurological conditions. The department is known for its patient-centred approach, where patients are treated with compassion and respect. With a focus on evidence-based medicine and a commitment to staying up-to-date with the latest research and techniques, Parul Sevashram Hospital has emerged as one of the best neuro hospitals in India. Through advances in medical research and the strength and resilience of those living with MS, there is reason to believe that one day we will find a cure. Until then, let us continue to come together, share our stories, and fight for a brighter future for all those affected by MS. Together, we can bring about change and put an end to this disease.
Written by Parul Sevashram Hospital  |  1 May 2023